Raymond De Vries, PhD is Associate Director at Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine at University of Michigan, USA as well as Professor in both Departments of Learning Health Sciences and Obstetrics and Gynecology. Additionally, he’s a visiting Professor of Midwifery Science at CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, University of Maastricht in the Netherlands. His interests include how trust/mistrust shape the medical field; regulation/production of scientific knowledge; genetic therapies; export of western moral traditions to non-western societies; and social, ethical, and policy issues associated with the medicalization of pregnancy and birth. His varied publications include A Pleasing Birth: Midwifery and Maternity Care in the Netherlands and varied research projects include Ethics of Electronic Fetal Monitoring: The Intersection of Ethics, Law, and Everyday Medical Practice (2018-2020). He lives in Michigan, USA.