, MD, OB/GYN has been presented in the Lancet as “one of the last real general surgeons.” He directed the surgical and maternity units of the Pithiviers hospital in France from 1962-1985 where he introduced the concepts of home-like birthing rooms, birthing pools and singing sessions for pregnant women. He is founder of the Primal Health Research Centre in London, and designed a database (primalhealthhresearch.org) in order to compile epidemiological studies exploring correlations between what happens during the “Primal period” (conception to the end of the first year of life) and health into adulthood. He is the author of 14 books published in 22 languages. His books constantly refer to the concept of reduced neocortical activity as a key to rediscover the basic needs of laboring women and to make possible a real “fetus ejection reflex.” His books include: Birth Reborn, Primal Health, The Farmer and the Obstetrician, The Caesarean, The Scientification of Love, The Functions of the Orgasms: The Highways to Transcendence, Childbirth in the Age of Plastics, Childbirth and the Future of Homo sapiens, reissued as Childbirth and the Evolution of Homo sapiens in 2014, and his most recent book Do we need Midwives? He is currently focusing on the possible evolution of Homo sapiens in relation to the modern ways to be born.